Allamah Ibn Lubb (8th Century AH) on maintaining the performance of the recommended and obligatory duties of the Shariah during a pandemic
Here is a translation of a Fatwa from Allamah Ibn Lubb (rahmatullahi alayh) from the 8th Century AH much of which bears a great deal of relevance to the current pandemic with which Allah is testing (and exposing) the Ummah:
“He (Allamah Ibn Lubb) was asked regarding those upon whom had befallen a pandemic and they fled from some of what was obligatory upon them from the rights of their brothers due to what they had witnessed with their own eyes of the rapid spread of the pandemic amongst the majority (of the population). Do they have any leeway or not in this situation (to have abandoned their duty towards others and ultimately towards Allah Ta’ala)? They had witnessed in some places the perishing of all (i.e. the entire population).”
He (rahimahullah) answered:
“Observing the rights of the Muslims from tending to those afflicted by disease, washing, and shrouding (their bodies), is an obligation the negligence of which is not permissible. And it is likewise with visiting the sick. Whatever the Shariah desires and encourages, should not be abandoned.
What is narrated in the Shariah regarding the prohibition of coming to a place stricken by a pandemic is only intended as a prohibition for those in another land to come in. As for the people of that place itself, for some to mix with others and treat one another, then it has nothing to do with the prohibition in the Hadith at all.
And how can one abandon an obligation made incumbent by the Lawgiver, or anything he encouraged or recommended, due to what is mentioned about contagion which is a speculative matter from the matters of the unseen the knowledge of which Allah has kept for Himself?
Perhaps those who see (fit) to stay away from those afflicted with disease, argue with what has come on the authority of az-Zuhri that he said: The plague afflicted the people at Jaabiyah and Amr ibn al-Aas stood up and said:
“Separate yourselves from it (i.e. plague) for indeed it is in the status of a fire…”
[Translators note: in the authentic versions of this account the Sahabah radhiyallahu anhum did not obey this instruction of Amr ibn al-Aas who himself also retracted this opinion. More detail on this incident which people are misusing today, to come in the future].
This is something that others from the Sahabah of Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) objected to against him. It is mentioned in the Hadith itself that Muadh ibn Jabal (radhiyallahu anhu) stood up in objection to Amr when he made that statement of his, responding to him:
“I heard Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) say: “This (plague) is a Mercy for this Ummah. Ya Allah! Remember Mu’adh from amongst those I have mentioned to be in this Mercy.”
Thus, Mu’adh (radhiyallahu anhu) passed away after that, in the plague of Amwaas, at Urdun in Shaam, and the Dua (of Rasulullah) became true.
In this is a great consolation for people in areas of pandemics, that the Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) called it a Mercy. The aforementioned Dua (for Mu’adh) demonstrates that this is from what is (to be) desired by one who wishes for the Aakhirah (the eternal life of bliss). And there is no doubt that the reward of patience in this, and maintaining the performance of the obligatory duties is unfathomable and uncountable.”
In another Fatwa, Allamah Ibn Lubb (rahmatullahi alayh) spells out very clearly the catastrophic consequences of the incorrect belief of contagion – a concept of contagion virtually identical to the one held by the atheist scientists and adopted by so-called scholars today who are using it to tamper with the fundamental tenets of the Deen (e.g. cancelling Jumuah):
“This (belief of contagion) takes the form of one who avoids the diseased, forfeiting his rights (for fear) that he will be afflicted with that, and that he being afflicted will be realised by close proximity. So he forsakes him, abandons him and stays away from him until he dies out of thirst and hunger, and he buries him without washing, due to this way of thinking regarding those afflicted with disease, right until he (himself) dies. He (even) regards as favourable the opinion of one who stays away from him and does not come to him, out of forsaking him.
We seek refuge with Allah from being cast astray through trials. Indeed, incidents of tribulations have descended upon the Muslims, which has no precedent, with the like of this (incorrect belief of contagion), and (as a result) the hands (of men) have earned (much) from sins and from its evil…
What is apparent to me, and there is no doubt in its correctness, that practising upon this manner (of belief that Allah causes disease to afflict individuals, at times through the means of close proximity), is only (valid) as long as it does not lead to the nullification of the obligatory duties (Fara-idh), and the forsaking of rights (of both Allah and His creation), and obstructing the doors of welfare and benefit of those afflicted by disease…
In these issues Shaytaan harbours a great aspiration and finds a way to it (i.e. misguidance), and that is depriving many of its people (in the plague) from the reward of Shahaadah (martyrdom) in it, who die after having forsaken the rights (of Allah and His creation), and auguring evil while not anticipating the reward in the matter. Thus he acquires its evil (i.e. the plague being a punishment for the deserving), and he is removed from its good (i.e. the plague being a cause for martyrdom and instant entry to Jannah), unless Allah forgives him.
For they (the scholars) have said in regards to his (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saying, “The one who dies from a plague is a Shaheed (martyr).” that he is (only) the one who adopts patience upon it, in eager anticipation of its reward with Allah, and knowing that nothing will befall him except that which Allah has written for him. As for the one who is (inappropriately) anxious about the plague, dislikes it, and flees from it, then he is not included in the meaning of the Hadith. It (this explanation) has been related like this in the Sharh (explanation) of Bukhari. And others have (also) mentioned it. Thus the people of this standpoint have urged reposing trust (tawakkul) in Allah and exerting great diligence in fulfilling the Rights of Allah (i.e. His commands and prohibitions)…”
[al-Mi’yaar al-Mu’rib, Volume 11, page 352 – 358]
THE PANDEMIC OF 449 HIJRI
Hadhrat Aishah (radhiyallahu anha) relates: I asked Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) regarding the plague. So he informed me:
“Verily it is a Punishment which Allah dispatches upon whom He wills, and (at the same time it is) a Mercy upon the Mu’mineen (true believers). There is not a man on whom the plague falls, while he tarries in his house adopting patience, seeking reward, and knowing that nothing will befall him but what Allah has written for him, except for him will be a reward the like of a Shaheed. ”
(Saheeh Hadith recorded in Musnad Ahmad)
In another authentic narration, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) declared:
“The one who remains in it (i.e. while conducting himself in the correct manner e.g. fulfilling all his obligations such as the Jumuah and other congregational prayers) is like a Shaheed, and the one who flees from it (i.e. transgresses the Shariah) is like one who flees from the march (of the battlefield)*.” (Musnad Ahmad)
* In a Hadith recorded in Saheeh Bukhari, fleeing from the battlefield is listed, alongside such sins as Shirk and murder, amongst the seven destructive sins that doom one to Hellfire
Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi (rahmatullahi alayh) provides below a vivid description of a pandemic that befell the Ummah in the year 449 Hijri. Note the conduct of the Muslims rushing to fill the Masjids, which is representative of the behaviour of the believers (Mu’mineen) in every single of the numerous pandemics to have befallen this Ummah in the past.
It is in such scenarios of trial and affliction does Allah Ta’ala inspire the true believers (men along with their families) to take advantage of Rasulullah’s (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) promise of Shahaadat (martyrdom) – an instant cleansing of one’s entire of life of sins and a shortcut to eternal bliss – reserved exclusively for those who do not flee from the “battlefield”. In the context of an epidemic, fleeing from the battlefield and thereby ruining one’s eternal life, refers to failing to take the opportunity to turn to Allah Ta’ala in sincere repentance, to adopt excessive worship and Dua, and to avoid with utmost care, transgressing any of the Sacred Bounds of Allah.
Never in the entire, 1400 year history of this Ummah, throughout its numerous plagues, epidemics, and pandemics, did a single Faqeeh (jurist), nor even a single Munaafiq (a Kaafir masquerading as a Muslim) scholar, ever dare to come out and declare the suspension of Jumuah or the daily congregational prayers, as the pro(re)gressive, liberal LGBT scholars of today, “coming out” of the woodwork, have done in reaction to a so-called pandemic whose fatality rate (1% – 8%) is comparable to the survival rate of some of the real pandemics of the past.
The assertion propagated by such modernist progressives to befool the masses that the Fuqaha (Islamic jurists) possessed no understanding of disease transmission or were not aware of the self-evident fact that close proximity to others is a means (sabab) by which, or a circumstance in which, Allah Ta’ala often afflicts others with the disease of an already diseased person, is a lie and act of deception.
Even a Jaahil (ignoramus) of bygone times would have been well aware of the reality that by mixing with other potentially diseased people in the Masjid, he would have been “endangering” himself and his family with Shahaadat and eternal bliss. Taking permissible or recommended precautions without transgressing the Shariah such as avoiding coming out for other than necessities such as congregational prayers, is perfectly valid and does not negate the desire for Shahaadat in the same way a warrior in a real battlefield is perfectly entitled to wear extra armour. However, an atheistic concept of precaution or preservation of life which entails the destruction of the eternal life is in reality the destruction of both lives. It is akin to the one who flees from the battlefield, thereby earning eternal doom, for the sake of precaution and preservation of a few more seconds of this ephemeral life. His family who assists him (whether standing his ground or fleeing) falls in the same category as him.
The Fuqaha only denied the concept of contagion as propounded by the Mushrikeen of pre-Islamic times, inherited by the atheist scientists of today, and now adopted by the pro(re)gressive, modernist liberals masquerading as Islamic scholars. A separate article, insha-Allah, will cover the topic of contagion in light of the elucidations of the Fuqaha, which should also serve as an exposé of the acts of deceptions, distortions and outright lies perpetrated by pro(re)gressives, masquerading as Islamic scholars, in order to dupe the blind sheep whom they herd towards eternal destruction.
Not a single “Daleel” dangled as bait in front of their herd by such fraudsters is new or had escaped the countless Fuqaha throughout the ages. The ruling of extreme weather such as a thunderstorm excusing one from attending the congregational prayers, for example, is as old as Islam. Yet, never did Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) even hint at applying such a ruling to individuals in a genuinely deadly pandemic (e.g. one with a 90% fatality rate), leave aside a total suspension for the entire congregation, nor did the Perfect guidance and message he conveyed to the Ummah ever give such an impression to the innumerable Fuqaha (true scholars) who dedicated their entire lives to the correct understanding of the Qur’an and Hadith, throughout the long corridor of 1400 years, right up till these worst of eras, which, according to numerous authentic Hadiths, will herald a greater and greater preponderance of Dhalaal (misguidance) and Mudhilleen (those who misguide, including even sincere scholars who fall prey to misguidance), as we approach ever closer to the Final Hour.
Even from entirely decimated regions in which no one was left alive to attend to the masjids, thus causing some of them to close down, not a single Fatwa exists from any Aalim that even suggests the suspension of the obligation of attending Jumuah and other congregational prayers. The fact that the pro(re)gressives today are intentionally causing obfuscation in front of the masses, deceptively citing such closure of Masjids resulting from the total absence of people left to attend to the Masjids, and insidiously conflating it with the unprecedented capital crime of prohibiting what has been Waajib (eg. attending Jumuah) by the Ijma (consensus) of the Ummah for 1400 years, testifies to the latent evil of these fraudsters masquerading as scholars.
Allah, exalted is His praise, works in mysterious and wondrous way. By means of this virus, amongst the smallest of His creations, and even after that, an extremely lame one relative to the genuinely deadly pandemics of the past, He is thoroughly exposing the Munaafiqeen hiding amongst our ranks, and the Wahan (love for this ephemeral life, and a fear of entering the eternal life) lurking in the hidden recesses of all our hearts.
Remember that the Merciful Allah is also Stern in Punishment. Far worse Torments, worldly and eternal, await those who have acquitted themselves so disgracefully during this relatively mild test. Even in the laboratories of the Kuffaar such as the virus production plant in Wuhan, from whence this relatively lame Corona virus first emerged allegedly, there exists far more deadly specimens which Allah Ta’ala can cause to leak and be unleashed, at the appointed time, upon an unrepentant and wretched nation of Muslims who have decided, en masse, to commit an enormity of unprecedented proportions by voluntarily shutting down the very places to which we are supposed to flock to in sincere repentance to earnestly beseech Him to withhold His Greater Punishment.
We shall, for now, suffice with emphasizing the fact that the Shariah was completed and perfected more than 1400 years ago. More than adequate guidance was provided by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) through his complete and perfect Sunnah, for the Ummah to have conducted itself in the correct manner in all of the numerous plagues, pandemics and other natural disasters to have descended in the past, by which Allah Ta’ala put to test the community of those who claim to be Muslims. It is through such “battlefields”, Allah Ta’ala quickly sifts the Mu’mineen from the Munaafiqeen of an entire community.
“In Jumāda ‘l-Ākhirah [of the year 449] a letter arrived from Bukhārā from Transoxiana that an unprecedented and unheard of pandemic occurred there such that 18,000 caskets came out of this region in a single day! Those that died were counted and they were 1,650,000, up to the writing of the letter. Those that survived from the people passed through these lands and saw nothing but empty stores and locked doors. The pandemic spread to Azerbaijan and then to Ahwāz and Baṣrah and Wāsiṭ and those regions, until large pits were dug and 35 people would be dumped in them…The copy of a letter written from Samarkand to Balkh arrived at Baghdād stating that each day 5,000, 6,000 or more righteous Muslims are being buried, and the stores are shut, and the people are engaged night and day in burying their dead and bathing them and shrouding them. Every house in which death entered, it would come to them all…From the houses of the heads and elite, more than 2000 houses of the city were shut, neither old nor young, nor free nor slave, nor heir remained. All the people repented and gave in charity most of their wealth and spilled wine and smashed musical instruments and remained attached to the masjids and reciting Qur’ān, and the women in the homes were doing likewise. Every house in which was wine, its inhabitants died in one night. Whoever had an unlawful woman with him, both died together. The administrator of a masjid died that had 50,000 dirhams and none accepted it. They were kept for nine days as they were in the masjid, and then four people came and took them and died with them. Everyone who bequeathed to another, the one bequeathed to died before the testator. Each pair of Muslims between whom was distance that did not reconcile died. 700 jurists were with Faqīh ‘Abdul Jabbār ibn Aḥmad and ‘Abd al-Jabbār and all jurists died…We came upon a sick person whose death throes extended for seven days and he pointed with his finger to a room of the house which we entered and searched and found wine in a container so we turned it upside down and Allāh saved him from death…It has been said from the start of Shawwāl to the end of Dhu ‘l-Qa‘dah, the caskets that came out of the doors of Samarkand were counted, and they came to 236,000. This pandemic originated in Turkistan a land of disbelievers and then came from there to lands of Sāghūn, Kāsghar, Shāsh, Farghānah and those regions and reached Samarkand on the 27th of Ramaḍān of this year… (Mir’āt al-Zamān, 19:12-14)
This page will be updated regularly with new information, to clarify the Islamic stance on pandemics and to expose the pro(re)gressive modernist LGBT crew masquerading as scholars who are tampering with the fundamental tenets of the Deen.
Allamah Ibn Lubb (rahmatullahi alayh) on Upholding the Shariah During a Pandemic